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System Overview
 

Wood frame systems are the most used building method for the residential construction of homes in the United States today. It is utilized for other structural and construction purposes like bridges, small high rise buildings and recreational projects. There are many advantages to using wood framing:

  • lightweight

  • energy efficient

  • quick and easy installation

  • cost effective

  • minimize dead load on the the buildings foundation

There are a few negative aspects with wood framing as well:

  • lack of strength in major wind events (i.e. tornadoes and hurricanes)

  • not highly fire proof

We defined a system as "a group of interacting components under the influence of related forces performing a function.". In buildings, there are many sub-components that the help a wood frame perform the way it was designed:

  • studs - vertical wood members in a buildings wall

    • carry vertical structural loads

    • be non-load bearing (i.e. partition wall)

  • floor joists - horizontal wood beams that run between foundations, walls or beams to support the floor

  • rafters - slopped wooden beams that supports the roof

  • sheathing - sheets that are nailed over studs to connect them securely and form the roof, wall or floor surface

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